Thursday, April 30, 2015

Five questions to better understand the business of the skirt – Le Figaro

VIDEO – Can a skirt represent an attack on secularism? An “attitude proselytizing character” she falls under the 2004 Act? In what context the sanction she taken? Le Figaro trying to see more clearly in this case that has spilled much ink.

A clearance skirt the controversy story about secularism in schools. This week a collègienne 15 years in the Ardennes was ordered to go home to change clothes. According to his version and that of his family, the institution would have criticized him for wearing a skirt “too long”. For the Rector of Reims, is its general behavior that was the problem and violated the principle of secularism in schools. This case has caused much ink and also raise many questions. Le Figaro tries to answer.

A skirt “too long” she can represent an attack on secularism?

As such, the answer is no. As stated in the March 2004 law, are prohibited “signs and outfits whose port led to be immediately identifiable religious affiliation.” But it “does not forbid accessories and outfits that are commonly worn by students without any religious significance.” Typically, a long skirt falls into the category of classic outfits and towns that can bring students without any religious connotation. Thus, we used to say that only headscarves, yarmulkes and large crosses are banned from colleges and high schools.

So why Sarah, 15, was by two After being banned in April when presented with this skirt?

This dispute between the student and the school management is in “a particular context, which has just brought the teaching staff of the Léo Lagrange College to take this decision, “says one to the Rector of Rheims. Indeed, several incidents occurred before the case is reported in the daily newspaper The Ardennes . It started Saturday, April 10 exactly. That day, several girls had attempted to enter the facility with a veil, says an informed source. And the following week, many of them would come in wearing long skirts, “they claimed to be a religious connotation,” said the source. And this time, Sarah was part of this group of girls, in the direction of the school, allegedly agreed among themselves to take turns and wear this garment as a provocation. Unlike the others, Sarah would be returned home without going back to school. Then a few days later, she would again be presented in the same outfit. The administration and the family is explained about it. Since then, the mother of the Muslim schoolgirl asked his daughter to guidelines of National Education. In front, the girl denies any provocation. “A skirt is a style of dress, not a sign ostentatious,” she has said.

What is the position of the Ministry of Education?

Asked Thursday on RTL, the Minister of Education Najat Vallaud-Belkacem has supported the teaching team and explained that it was “the proselytizing nature, not but holding the attitude of the student “that was at stake. It is” the general behavior of the student “and” not the clothing that was sanctioned “repeated Abdennour Bidar, project manager at National Education, interviewed on France Info. The academic inspector of the Ardennes, Patrice Dutot says the same thing: he has “nothing against a skirt course, whatever its length.” What he condemns is the “concerted action with an outfit that this case falls symbolically ostentatious.” In other words, this is not the skirt is problematic in itself, but the use made of it.

The “attitude proselytizing character” referred to by the Minister of Education she falls within the scope of the 2004 law on secularism?

“We have confined the discussion to what was visible. But the law on secularism is also committed to the behavior, “says Jean-Michel Ducomte, professor of public law at Sciences Po and specialist in Toulouse secularism. “Here the teaching team watched how the student has gripped this skirt to develop a destabilization strategy and a proselytizing attitude. This is not the sign itself is in question, but the use made of it, “one that develops is the president of the League of Education. A circular for teachers has also sought to clarify the terms of the Law of 2004. “But the problem is that we are always in the interpretation and in the case by case,” Teacher nuance. “This is why it is very important to train school leaders to religious facts.”

This kind of case is it common?

Not really. The Collective against Islamophobia in France (CCIF), a Muslim association, identified in 2014, 130 cases of high school courses or banned schoolgirls outfits for “ostentatious judged unfairly.” But this figure is put into perspective with the number of students in France: 12 million students. The phenomenon remains marginal.


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