Le Monde | • Updated | By
in the days following the attacks of 13 November in Paris and Saint-Denis, it is in this historical place that bereaved families regrouped, trying desperately and sometimes in vain for news of their relatives present at the wrong place at the wrong time. Six months later, the victims’ families returned to the Ecole Militaire in Paris, which was centralized list of one hundred and thirty dead and four hundred and thirteen wounded.
For the first time, they will meet at from Tuesday, May 24 and for three days, six investigating judges in charge of the investigation. The plaintiffs hope that this official meeting with the justice will “the manifestation of the truth.” and mark the beginning of the “grieving process”
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ten thousand plaintiffs
This meeting between victims and investigating judges has become the standard for large-scale disasters such as the crash of flight Rio-Paris, in 2009, the railway accident of Brétigny-sur-Orge (Essonne) in 2013 or the attack on Charlie Hebdo, in January 2015. But never magistrates had had to receive so many victims. Thousand ten people are civil parties in this sprawling folder
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” This meeting is of a magnitude unmatched “, warns Juliet Méadel, the new Secretary of State for victim assistance. To avoid clogging of the courthouse in Paris, the meeting will therefore take place in the amphitheater of the Military School, specially equipped and can accommodate nearly six hundred people. Tuesday, a day of discussions is planned with relatives of victims of the attacks against the Parisian terraces and the Stade de France. On 25 and 26 May, the judges will those of the Bataclan concert hall.
On the side of the State Secretariat for assistance to victims, there is concern that media coverage these days arouses the desire of some victims who was not civil parties to be present. “We want to accompany each of the victims, even those who can not attend the meetings with the investigating judges’ , reassures M me Méadel. These do not have citizenship in the military school, but may be supported by a team of lawyers and psychologists may refer them to the Association Paris assistance to victims.
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A risk of “soaring traumatic”
for all families, the authorities have provided psychological support device provides M me Meadel.
“We are vigilant to the risk of” traumatic surge “for some victims. The evocation of the facts may bring back painful memories. “
For some victims, hell attacks of 13 November is a daily reality. “Some have not slept a full and peaceful sleep for six months. Others have not returned to work, too afraid to leave their homes. There are those who “shootent” drugs to face daily life. And those who may live tirelessly the evening attacks “, details M th Samia Maktouf which represents seventeen families.
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the themes of these meetings may yet revive vivid memories for these families, which include claiming to have access to medical examinations of forensic . “One of the questions that come up most often is to know the context of the death of their loved ones: how did they die? Did they suffer? It is important to answer these questions, for the memory of the fallen, and especially to truly begin the grieving process “, says M th Maktouf.
According to Georges Salines, the president of Association November 13: brotherhood and truth, the list of questions is long family “How is working with Belgian instructors.? Is Mohamed Abrini will be interviewed in Belgium or France? How many people can be held accountable and be prosecuted? Did we can say that the Franco-Belgian cell was dismantled and taken out of harm’s way? “, lists the doctor, mourns the death of her daughter Lola, publisher of 29, at the Bataclan.
The Abdeslam case at the heart of tensions
But the point of the folder that crystallizes many questions – and disappointments so far – based on the case of Salah Abdeslam. The only member of the Parisian commandos alive Friday argued his right to silence, refusing to answer the first questions of the magistrate. “It knows more about his supposed desire to cooperate with the law. The promises made in this direction seem absolutely credible “, deplores M th Olivier Morice, lawyer of thirty-five civil parties.
“We want to know the position will adopt the magistrates facing Salah Abdeslam: will pass time or have a more active approach? “, questioned George Salines, whose association represents close to five hundred victims and their families. It is on this point that the meeting with the investigating judges may stumble, thinking Juliet Méadel:
“It may be, for the victims, a form of deception in a context where Salah Abdeslam has refused to comment. “
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However, the Secretary of State considers that these meetings are beneficial and beyond the mere symbolic target. “These meetings are an educational scope that should help victims to know the status of the investigations and to understand the strategy of the investigators. These three days are involved in the reconstruction process, because one puts into words what happened “, she says.
If having ” an intermediate without contact with the trial judges’ is an important step for victims and their loved ones, they are aware that this point on the survey “will reveal anything that goes beyond the secret of education “, says Georges Salines, for which these encounters go beyond attacks and should enable ” it does not happen again “. He concluded: “For the rest, it will not give me back my daughter. “